Is the way Virginia funds its schools equitable? That’s a topic up for debate in Richmond.
Next week, members of the Virginia State Board of Education will consider a new proposal to create an equity fund – more than $350 million to pay for additional teachers and targeted compensation.
Chris Duncombe at the Commonwealth Institute says distributing that money based on poverty would create some equity in the system.
“Virginia actually right now is spending less per student in the school divisions with the highest child poverty rates when you’re looking at state and local funds combined compared to school divisions with the lowest child poverty rates or the greatest wealth,” he says.
But Kristen Blagg at the Urban Institute says poverty is only one of a number of things to consider.
“Being an English language learner or having special education needs, those are also needs that need to get funded," Blagg explains. "So when we are thinking about equity and we are thinking about distributing funds equitably, student poverty is a very important and very large need. But so are the other needs that the students may have.”
Whatever decision the Board of Education makes, the rubber will meet the road next year when the General Assembly will transform the policy proposals into legislation — a time when some of the ideals and some of the funding formulas might change again.